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Sprach- und Hörentwicklung von Kindern mit technischen HörhilfenCommunication development in children with hearing devices

Communication development in children with cochlear implants





 

The acquisition of language by children is the basis for an adequate emotional, social and intellectual development. It is subject to a variety of factors. Important aspects are hearing and speech processing in critical stages of language acquisition. Speech production is closely related to speech perception and processing.

 

 Our research interests focus on children who exhibit hearing loss in sensitive stages of development. This may relate to auditory processing disorders as well as impairment of the middle ear, the inner ear or the auditory nerve.

 

A current research project is the examination of language and hearing development in children provided with hearing devices (especially cochlear implants, CI), including children with multiple disabilities. This research is based on a recently developed parents proxy questionnaire and supplemented with further testing. The FAPCI ("Functioning after Pediatric Cochlear Implantation"), which has been validated and translated to a German version (Grugel et al. 2009, 2011), is used as a main inventory.

 

 

With respect to real-world verbal communication (initially without distinction of language and auditory development), the score of FAPCI seems to be sensitive to the point in time at which intervention takes place. Further studies should be included to test the hypothesis of early rehabilitation with respect to sensitive phases of language acquisition.

 

Selected publications:

 

Meister H, Keilmann A, Leonhard K, Streicher B,Lang-Roth R. Real-world verbal communication performance of children provided with cochlear implants or hearing aids. Otol Neurotol. Epub ahead of print.

 

Grugel L, Streicher B, Lang-Roth R, Walger M, Meister H. Measuring communicative performance with the German version of the FAPCI-instrument: normative data and longitudinal results. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2011 Apr;75(4):543-8.

 

 


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